Rail Freight Corridor North Sea – Baltic was established in accordance with Regulation (EU) 913/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22nd September 2010 concerning a European rail network for competitive freight. The Regulation lays down rules for the establishment and organization of international rail freight corridors (RFCs) with a view to the development of a European rail network for competitive freight.
The Regulation provides for the implementation of corridors allowing freight trains to benefit from high quality routes, offering better services (in terms of punctuality and journey time) than at present. The principal guidelines specified by the Regulation focus on:
- establishing a Corridor One-Stop-Shop;
- closer cooperation and harmonization between infrastructure managers and member states both for the operational management of the infrastructure and for investments, in particular by putting in place a governance structure for each corridor;
- increased coordination between the network and terminals (maritime and inland ports and marshalling yards);
- providing the reliability of the infrastructure capacities allocated to international freight on these corridors;
- close cooperation with clients.
This Regulation entered into force on 9th of November 2010 and first six RFCs became operational in November 2013. The remaining three RFCs among them RFC North Sea - Baltic followed in November 2015. Subsequently, the year of 2015 marked the beginning of operations on the whole European rail network for competitive freight composed of nine RFCs.
Official inauguration of the RFC North Sea – Baltic took place during the Launching Event on 23rd of February 2016 in the Hofburg Palace in Vienna.